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Prevention of neurocognitive disorders is currently one of the greatest unmet medical challenges. The cognitive effects of solving jigsaw puzzles (JPs) have not been studied so far, despite its frequent use as a leisure activity in all age cohorts worldwide. This study aimed at closing this gap between a lack of science and a frequent real-world use by investigating the cognitive abilities recruited by JP as well as the cognitive benefits of lifetime and 30-day JP experience. A total of 100 cognitively healthy adults (?50 years of age) were randomized to either a 30-day home-based JP intervention (?1 h/day) plus four sessions of cognitive health counseling (JP group) or four sessions of cognitive health counseling only (counseling group). We measured global visuospatial cognition by averaging the scores of eight z-standardized visuospatial cognitive abilities (perception, constructional praxis, mental rotation, speed, flexibility, working memory, reasoning, and episodic memory). JP skill was assessed with an untrained 40 piece JP and lifetime JP experience with retrospective self-report. JP skill was associated with all assessed cognitive abilities (rs ? 0.45, ps < 0.001), and global visuospatial cognition (r = 0.80 [95% CI: 0.72–0.86], p < 0.001). Lifetime JP experience was associated with global visuospatial cognition, even after accounting for other risk and protective factors (? = 0.34 [95% CI: 0.18–0.50], p < 0.001). The JP group connected on average 3589 pieces in 49 hpared to the counseling group, they improved in JP skill (Cohen's d = 0.38 [95% CI: 0.21–0.54], p < 0.001), but not in global visuospatial cognition (Cohen's d = -0.08, [CI: -0.27 to 0.10], p = 0.39). The amount of jigsaw puzzling was related to changes in global visuospatial cognition within the JP group, only after accounting for baseline performance (? = 0.33 [95% CI: 0.02–0.63], p = 0.03). In sum, our results indicate that jigsaw puzzling strongly engages multiple cognitive abilities and long-term, but not short-term JP experiences could relevantly benefit cognition.
Blocking cognitive lowering of ageing eg when you look at the mild intellectual handicap and you can dementia is one of the most relevant scientific needs when you look at the our aging community (Winblad ainsi que al., 2016). Involvement into the cognitively, really, and you can socially demanding issues try associated with a lowered likelihood of intellectual decline and you can dementia inside observational studies (Valenzuela and you will Sachdev, 2006a,b; Wang mais aussi al., 2013). Of a lot a huge selection of randomized managed intervention trials have been conducted in order to take a look at the the fresh new causality of them observational results. These studies focused primarily into the intellectual knowledge programs (Karbach and you may Verhaeghen, 2014; Lampit ainsi que al., 2014), video games (Bediou et al., 2018), and you can physical exercise such as for example cardio exercise and you may resistance training (Kelly ainsi que al., 2014; More youthful mais aussi al., 2015).
Yet not, this new intellectual great things about a great many other seem to did leisure items possess not been investigated yet. One example are jigsaw puzzling: alone in Germany, approximately almost seven mil JPs was basically available in 2016, leading to market from ˆ75 mil (Npdgroup Deutschland GmbH, 2016). The newest jigsaw mystery (JP) sector inside the European countries therefore the https://datingranking.net/escort-directory/eugene/ You was in overall significantly more than simply ˆeight hundred billion in 2016 (The fresh Npd Class, Inc, 2016; This new Npd Category Inc, 2017) 1 , almost twice as much since the around the world cognitive degree ).
Jigsaw puzzling might provide one or two active ingredients (we.e., active has) you to benefit knowledge: basic, process-certain cognitive need away from jigsaw puzzling you may sign up for a heightened mind put aside (Gelfo mais aussi al., 2018), and you may 2nd, control from traumatic thinking as a consequence of jigsaw puzzling you are going to avoid chronic fret says that can exert a poor affect intellectual aging and you will dementia in the long run (Lupien ainsi que al., 2009; Wilson mais aussi al., 2011).