Inside the English, passives are often produced by merging a form of the fresh new verb be that have an effective

early in the day participle, for example was broken, be prosecuted, is made, are changed. Passives can also be formed with the verb get, as in ‘Your vase got broken.’

As the inenergetic spends is a frequent feature off English, he’s stated regarding the OED on condition that especially popular or noteworthy.

  • LONGLIST v.,To place on co to jest chatib a longlist’, is described as ‘Usually in passive.’ Passive uses are the norm (e.g. ‘The novel try longlisted for the Man Booker Prize’), although active uses are possible (you could say, for example, ‘The judges longlisted thirty novels’).
  • Give v. 12b is defined as ‘In Of people, animals, etc.: to be scattered, dispersed, or distributed over or throughout an area.’ All the examples of this sense show passive use, for example ‘The Rook try bequeath over the greater part of Europe’ and ‘the Monophysites?was give throughout Syria, Anatolia and Egypt.’

If a sentence is not grammatically passive but has a meaning similar to that of a passive, it can be described as ‘with passive meaning’. For example, you can say ‘I boil-washed the shirts’ (active) or ‘The shirts had been boil-washed‘ (passive); you can also say ‘These shirts boil-wash well’, which is not passive in form but is passive in meaning (= ‘These shirts can feel boil-sparkling‘). At BOIL-Tidy v., this type of use is noted: ‘Also occasionally intransitive with passive meaning.’

passive infinitive

An infinitive such as to eat or to question may be used in a passive form: to be eaten or become questioned. Such forms are called passive infinitives. Passive infinitives often function as complements of adjectives or items of verbs, for example ‘It was strange to be questioned‘ or ‘These apples need becoming drank.

Such as, ‘My personal canine bankrupt the vase’, ‘The police usually prosecute trespassers’, ‘John speaks Spanish’, and you will ‘The fresh cinch howled’ all are productive sentences. Various types of productive phrase shall be changed into passives, eg ‘Your vase is broken from the my personal dog’ (look for inactive).

  • In phrasal verbs sections, combinations of verbs and adverbs are described as ‘With adverbs in specialized senses’, for example to power down and to power up at Power v.

A case is an inflected form of a noun, pronoun, or adjective which expresses its grammatical relationship with other words. For example, the fact that a noun is in the nominative case indicates that it is the subject of the verb.

  • RUMOUR v. 2a is described as ‘Frequently in passive with anticipatory it as subject and subordinate clause’, referring to examples such as ‘It was rumoured amongst the common People.. the Plague was at the city.
  • The examples at Church n. step 1 1b are described as ‘Without article’. In these examples, church occurs without the or a, such as ‘people going in and out out of church‘ or ‘time spent in chapel‘.

preferred noun

[The expression subservient can be used when you look at the unrevised OED records and in records changed in advance of 2019. Records otherwise areas of entries changed once the 2019 fool around with detailed text, in terms of example in the Mad adj. C1b: “That have expose participles, developing adjectives in which furious conveys the fresh new fit of the root verb, as with aggravated-looking, angry-group of, etcetera., adjs.”]

Old English possessed three men and women: masculine, female, and you will neuter. Yet not, losing happening program during the Center English meant one to the distinctions ranging from grammatical sexes vanished almost totally.

  • The use of knavery to mean ‘an act that is characteristic of a knave’ is treated at KNAVERY n. 1b, where the definition is introduced by ‘as a count noun’. One of the examples quoted is ‘there are men and women living on crusts in garrets because of his knaveries‘.
  • Nursing assistant letter. 1 9 is described as ‘Used without determiner to denote a particular nurse’. An example is ‘A doctor can tell a client: “Nurse will see you right away”’.
  • At Likely to v., meaning ‘am/is going to’, sense 2a(a) covers uses with a subject, e.g. ‘what I gonna do’ (with the subject I). Sense 2a(b) covers uses ‘with ellipsis of subject’: for example, in ‘Gonna be a burner today’, the subject (it) is omitted.

From the OED, case-inflected kinds of pronouns all are treated since separate terms and conditions (elizabeth.grams. He pron., Your pron.), while verb, noun, and you will adjective inflections are usually addressed as part of the exact same phrase.

Modifiers may be described more specifically as premodifiers or postmodifiers, depending on whether they come before or after the modified word, phrase, or clause.


You can often convert an active sentence into a passive sentence, by making the lead target of the active verb the grammatical subject of the passive verb, and either expressing the subject in a phrase with by or omitting it altogether. For example: